A Scientific Method for Quantifying NMN in Biological Samples

A Scientific Method for Quantifying NMN in Biological Samples

1. Introduction

Supplementation of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) to upregulate the level of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) has been unveiled to be a promising anti-aging intervention. However, it is still a serious challenge to accurately quantify NAD+ intermediates, NMN in particular. This study is powered to introduce a novel method, double isotope-mediated LC-MS/MS methodology (dimeLC-MS/MS), for the precise quantification of NMN in biological samples.

2. Factors affecting the accurate detection of NMN

NMN is hard to be accurately detected due to its vulnerability to enzymatic degradation, conversion in sample processing, its complex behaviors in different column and extraction conditions, as well as matrix effect.

Specifically, NMN has the properties of high polarity and low volatility, which is easy to dissolve in water but difficult to dissolve in organic solvents. These properties greatly restrict the application of many conventional quantitative analysis methods.

Biological samples such as blood carries significant activities of CD38 and CD73 (ecto-5-nucleotidase), both of which could use NMN as a substrate.

The behavior of NMN in the column is very complex probably because of the bipartite nature of its charges so that subtle differences in extraction and column conditions significantly affect the reliable and accurate detection of NMN.

3. Coping strategies of dimeLC-MS/MS to reduce the impact of impact factors

To avoid the interference of above-mentioned factors, a prototype column NMN-2 is applied. This column contains C18-based high-purity silica particles which are more capable of binding hydrophilic compounds than carbon particles, improving the ability of separation.

Perchloric acid (PCA) is employed since it can efficiently extract NAD+ and NMN from biological samples such as plasma with minimal losses.

To adjust for matrix effects, a fixed amount (1 μM) of each isotopic compound is added to biological samples prior to the PCA extraction.

4. The advantages of dimeLC-MS/MS

Double isotopic NMN standards, NMN (M + 14) and NMN (M + 5), in the LC-MS/MS-driven methodology can precisely trace the fate of NMN during sample processing, which significantly increases the accuracy and the reliability of NMN measurement in biological samples. Besides, dimeLC-MS/MS can evaluate the extraction efficiency and the absolute concentrations of NMN in different types of biological samples.

5. Conclusion

This new LC-MS/MS-driven methodology with double isotopic NMN standards can accurately and reliably measure NMN in biological samples. It can be used for future studies on NMN intake.

6. Reference

Unno, Junya et al. “Absolute quantification of nicotinamide mononucleotide in biological samples by double isotope-mediated liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (dimeLC-MS/MS).” npj aging vol. 10,1 2. 2 Jan. 2024, doi:10.1038/s41514-023-00133-1

Why choose BONTAC?

BONTAC is the leader of the global NMN industry. We have the first whole-enzyme catalysis technology in China, and have become the leading enterprise in coenzyme products which are widely used in health industry, medical & beauty, green agriculture, biomedicine and other fields. Notably, BONTAC is NMN raw material supplier of famous David Sinclair team at the Harvard University. Our services and products are trustworthy. Furthermore, BONTAC has an independent coenzyme engineering technology research center at the provincial level in China and self-owned factories, where the purity ans stability of products can be ensured.


This article is based on the reference in the academic journal. The relevant information is provide for sharing and learning purposes only, and does not represent any medical advice purposes. If there is any infringement, please contact the author for deletion. The views expressed in this article do not represent the position of BONTAC. 


Get In Touch

Recommend Read

Leave Your Message