nad manufacturer | What is NAD

nad manufacturer | What is NAD

NAD refers to  Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, found in all living cells, NAD with the CAS NO. of 53-84-9 and the chemical  formula of C21H27N7O14P2 is called a dinucleotide because it consists of two nucleotides joined through their phosphate groups. One nucleotide contains an adenine nucleobase and the other nicotinamide NAD exists in two forms: an oxidized and reduced form, abbreviated as NAD+ and NADH (H for hydrogen), respectively.
In metabolism, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide is involved in redox reactions, carrying electrons from one reaction to another. The cofactor is, therefore, found in two forms in cells: NAD+ is an oxidizing agent – it accepts electrons from other molecules and becomes reduced. This reaction, also with H+, forms NADH, which can then be used as a reducing agent to donate electrons. These electron transfer reactions are the main function of NAD. However, it is also used in other cellular processes, most notably as a substrate of enzymes in adding or removing chemical groups to or from, respectively, proteins, in posttranslational modifications. Because of the importance of these functions, the enzymes involved in NAD metabolism are targets for drug discovery.
In organisms, NAD can be synthesized from simple building-blocks (de novo) from either tryptophan or aspartic acid, each a case of an amino acid; alternatively, more complex components of the coenzymes are taken up from nutritive compounds such as niacin; similar compounds are produced by reactions that break down the structure of NAD, providing a salvage pathway that “recycles” them back into their respective active form.
Some NAD is converted into the coenzyme nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP); its chemistry largely parallels that of NAD, though predominantly its role is as a cofactor in anabolic metabolism.  
In general, there are three main manufacture methods for NAD preparation utilized by NAD manufacturers in the world such as chemical or enzymatic synthesis, and fermentation biosynthesis. And at present, the NAD manufacturers are located worldwide including China, America, Japan and German.

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Advantages of NMNH

NMNH: 1. “Bonzyme” Whole-enzymatic method, environmental-friendly, no harmful solvent residues manufacturing powder. 2. Bontac is a very first manufacture in the world to produce the NMNH powder on the level of high purity, stability. 3. Exclusive “Bonpure” seven-step purification technology, high purity(up to 99%) and stability of production of NMNH powder 4. Self-owned factories and obtained a number of international certifications to ensure high quality and stable supply of products of NMNH powder 5. Provide one-stop product solution customization service

Advantages of NADH

NADH: 1. Bonzyme whole-enzymatic method, environmental-friendly, no harmful solvent residues 2. Exclusive Bonpure seven-step purification technology, purity up higher than 98 % 3. Special patented process crystal form, higher stability 4. Obtained a number of international certifications to ensure high quality 5. 8 domestic and foreign NADH patents, leading the industry 6. Provide one-stop product solution customization service

Advantages of NAD

NAD:  1. “Bonzyme” Whole-enzymatic method, environmental-friendly, no harmful solvent residues 2. Stable supplier of 1000+ enterprises around the world 3. Unique “Bonpure” seven-step purification technology, higher product content and higher conversion rate 4. Freeze drying technology to ensure stable product quality 5. Unique crystal technology, higher product solubility 6. Self-owned factories and obtained a number of international certifications to ensure high quality and stable supply of products

Advantages of MNM

NMN:  1. “Bonzyme”Whole-enzymatic method, environmental-friendly, no harmful solvent residues 2. Exclusive“Bonpure”seven-step purification technology, high purity(up to 99.9%) and stability 3. Industrial leading technology: 15 domestic and international NMN patents 4. Self-owned factories and obtained a number of international certifications to ensure high quality and stable supply of products 5. Multiple in vivo studies show that Bontac NMN is safe and effective 6. Provide one-stop product solution customization service 7. NMN raw material supplier of famous David Sinclair team of Harvard University

about BONTAC

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Bontac Bio-Engineering (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd. (hereafter referred to as BONTAC) is a high-tech enterprise established in July 2012. BONTAC integrates R&D, production and sales, with enzyme catalysis technology as the core and coenzyme and natural products as main products. There are six major series of products in BONTAC, involving coenzymes, natural products, sugar substitutes, cosmetics, dietary supplements and medical intermediates.

As the leader of the global NMN industry, BONTAC has the first whole-enzyme catalysis technology in China. Our coenzyme products are widely used in health industry, medical & beauty, green agriculture, biomedicine and other fields. BONTAC adheres to independent innovation, with more than 170 invention patents. Different from the traditional chemical synthesis and fermentation industry, BONTAC has advantages of green low-carbon and high-value-added biosynthesis technology. What’s more, BONTAC has established the first coenzyme engineering technology research center at the provincial level in China which also is the sole in Guangdong Province.

In the future, BONTAC will focus on its advantages of green, low-carbon and high-value-added biosynthesis technology, and build ecological relationship with academia as well as upstream/downstream partners, continuously leading the synthetic biological industry and creating a better life for human beings.

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What kind of coenzyme is nad+, the function and efficacy of NAD+, aging is almost human instinct. Aging brings more than just physical changes, it's a key factor in heart disease, cancer, diabetes, Alzheimer's and many other chronic diseases. Author: bili_56710380827 https://www.bilibili.com/read/cv16932994 Source: bilibili

User Reviews

What users say about BONTAC

BONTAC is a reliable partner that we have been working with for many years. The purity of their coenzyme is very high. Their COA can achieve relatively high test results.

Front

I discovered BONTAC in 2014 because David's article in cell about NAD and NMN related showed that he used BONTAC's NMN for his experimental material. Then we found them in China. After so many years of cooperation, I think it is a very good company.

Hanks

I think green, healthy and high purity are the advantages of BONTAC's products compared with others. I still work with them to this day.

Phillip

In 2017, we chose BONTAC's coenzyme, during which our team encountered many technical problems and consulted their technical team, which were able to give us good solutions. Their products are shipped very fast and they work more efficiently.

Gobbs
Frequently Asked Question

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1.Prevention and treatment of viral-induced inflammatory storms
Scientists have found after extensive research that neo-coronavirus has a mechanism similar to SARS virus to activate inflammatory vesicles NLRP3. and the activation of NLRP3 produces more inflammatory factors, generating excessive inflammation and thus triggering a deadly cytokine storm. This problem can be well addressed by NAD+, which inhibits the activity of NF-κB inflammatory pathway and NLRP3 inflammasome by increasing the activity of sirtuins (SIRT1, SIRT2 and SIRT3), thus preventing cytokine storm caused by excessive inflammation. Therefore, Sinclair and other scientists believe that increasing the concentration of NAD+ may play an important role in the prevention and treatment of neocoronavirus and other viral infections.
2.Restoration of virus-induced metabolic disorders
NAD+ is an essential coenzyme for many cellular energy metabolic pathways, present in every cell of the body, involved in thousands of reactions, and an important player in maintaining cellular viability. In the COVID-19 infection model, NAD+ and NMN supplementation was found to be effective in alleviating cell death and protecting the lung.

First, inspect the factory. After some screening, NAD manufactures that directly face consumers pay more attention to brand building. Therefore, for a good brand, quality is the most important thing, and the first thing to control the quality of raw materials is to inspect the factory. Bontac company actually manufacturing NAD powder of high quality with the caterias of SGS. Secondly, the purity is tested. Purity is one of the most important parameters of NAD powder. If high purity NAD cannot be guaranteed, the remaining substances are likely to exceed the relevant standards. As the attached certificates demonstrates that the NAD powder produced by Bontac reach the purity of 99.9%. Finally, a professional test spectrum is needed to prove it. Common methods for determining the structure of an organic compound include Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (NMR) and high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS). Usually through the analysis of these two spectra, the structure of the compound can be preliminarily determined.

In the international market, NAD+ food supplements are in production in the United States, the Australian Food and Drug Administration has approved NAD+ products for sale, and Japanese NAD+ manufactures are devoted to extend the market share in China. Li Ka-shing invested HK$200 million in the US NAD manufacturer, whose NAD+ products are being sold by Watsons in Hong Kong! Then Mclane, a company owned by Warren Buffett also joined the NAD market.

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Mechanism for Preventing and Treating Covid-19: NMN VS Paxlovid

With the epidemic control policies loosening worldwide, residents in China, India, Malaysia, Japan and Singapore have suffered a shortage of medicines to varying degrees. But on the other hand, the type of medicines available to the public is dynamically increasing, and at present the anti-Covid-19 stars available on the market include Paxlovid, NMN, etc. What are the similarities and differences between the two in terms of mechanism of preventing and treating the Coronavirus? It is necessary to briefly make out the principle of Covid-19 infection in human cells before discussing the mechanism of action of Paxlovid and NMN.  How SARS-CoV-2 infect cells?  First, the mature Covid-19 (as shown in Figure 1) is mainly composed of structure proteins including spike (S) protein, nucleocapsid (N) protein, membrane (M) protein and envelope (E) protein and RNA viral gene. Figure 1. SARS-Cov-2 structure The SARS-CoV-2 opens a channel into the cell by its S protein through recognizing and binding to the ACE2 protein receptor of host cells in vivo. After entering the host cell, the SARS-CoV-2 initiates transcription and translation activities, replicating plenty of SARS-CoV-2, disrupting the cell structure and interfering with the normal cell function. Under this mechanism of action, the supplement of medicine directly comes into play on the sides of spike S protein of the Covid-19 and the ACE2 protein of host cells in human body. Paxlovid prevents the synthesis of S proteins of SARS-CoV-2. The mechanism of Paxlovid to treat Covid-19 Paxlovid was made up with two main ingredients, Nirmatrelvir and Ritonavir. Nirmatrelvir combats SARS-CoV-2 by blocking the synthesis of S proteins.The gene information of all SARS-CoV-2 proteins only take over 1/3 of the right side of RNA strand (as shown in Figure 2), and the remaining 2/3 of the RNA gene strand is used for transcription and translation for multiple proteins to synthesize the polyprotein. After the polyprotein is synthesized, it will be cleaved into several functional proteins likely S protein by virus proteases. Figure 2. RNA structure In short, when the SARS-CoV-2 replicates, the RNA initiates transcription and translation for proteins in bulk and then proteases cleave it to form structural proteins (S protein). The main proteases used when replicating is CL3. Nirmatrelvir of Paxlovid binds to the CL3 protease to prevent the cleavage of the SARS-CoV-2 polyprotein so as to interrupt the protein synthesis of viral. (As shown in Figure 3). What’s more, another ingredient, Ritonavir, works by maintaining the concentration of Nirmatrelvir in the body, prolonging and enhancing its efficacy and maintaining the interruption strength for the replicating protease CL3. Figure 3.CL3 in translation  The mechanism of NMN to prevent and treat Covid-19  NMN prevents Covid-19 infection by protecting DNA and reducing ACE2 expression, shutting down the pathway of ACE2 protein into human cells. The researchers found that DNA damages accumulates intracellular ACE2 receptor proteins. However, these two enzymes to repair DNA damage, sirtuins and PARP, need to be to motivated by NAD+. Studies showed that NMN supplementation is effective in increasing NAD+ levels and thus reducing ACE2 protein expression. As it demonstrates that experiment proved that a reduction in ACE2 expression after infected with the SARS-CoV-2, along with a reduction in viral load and tissue damage in the lungs (as shown in Figure 4) based on the situation that 200mg/kg of NMN fed to old mice aged 12 months for 7 days. Figure 4. NMN performance in recuding viral loads  The study not only reaffirms the convincing for NMN to treat Covid-19 infection, but based on its proven ability to reduce lung pathological damage and even death in mice infected with neointima, NMN may be used in clinical trials to treat patients with Covid-19 infection. It is clear from the above principles of action that both Paxlovid and NMN work on original source of infection to treat and prevent Covid-19. The difference between the two is that Paxlovid interferes with the replication of the virus while NMN closes the door to the entry of Covid-19 into human cells. Both different mechanisms of action are in principle effective in preventing the invasion of Covid-19. References  1. FACT SHEET FOR HEALTHCARE PROVIDERS: EMERGENCY USE AUTHORIZATION FOR PAXLOVID, 2022 2. Jin R., Niu C.,et al. DNA damage contributes to age-associated differences in SARS-CoV-2 infection, Aging Cell, 2022

An Integrated Map of Molecular Mechanisms Underlying the Effect of NMN in T2DM

Introduction Diabetes is one of the dominant causes of death and disability worldwide, greatly affecting the life quality of patients. According to the latest data on diabetes released by the Lancet (GBD Study 2021), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) cases almost makes up 96.0% of all diabetes cases, with the hallmark of impaired glucose uptake. There are approximately 529 million patients with diabetes in 2021, with age-standardized prevalence of 6.1%. Remarkably, β-nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) is able to ameliorate T2DM via unexpected effects on adipose tissue rather than mitochondrial biogenesis. Global age-standardised prevalence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes from 1990 through 2050 forecasts Risk factors for T2DM High body mass index (BMI) is the main risk factor for T2DM, followed by dietary risk factors, environmental or occupational factors, smoking, insufficient physical activity, alcohol consumption, etc. The organ-specific effects of NMN treatment in T2DM NMN alleviates the mildly impaired and energy-inefficient protein synthesis in mice with T2DM induced by high-fat food. Specifically, NMN downregulates spliceosome proteins while upregulating ribosome proteins in hepatocytes. Besides, NMN downregulates proteasome and upregulates DNA replication and cell cycle pathways in muscle cells. Integrated proteomics data analysis of NMN-treated HFD mouse liver. Integrated proteomics data analysis of mouse muscle tissue. Adipose tissue, an energy reservoir, has been attested to be implicated with glucose metabolism. NMN boosts glucose uptake via Resistin downregulation, increased protein synthesis/degradation, fatty acid degradation, lysosome protein upregulation (most notably upregulation of the ATP6V1 proton pump), mTOR cell proliferation signaling in white adipose tissue, differentiation of preadipocytes to brown adipose cells and/or overexpression of thermogenic UCP1, a protein of the inner mitochondrial membrane of brown adipose tissue. Integrated proteomics data analysis of NMN-treated HFD mouse adipose tissue Conclusion NMN exerts organ-specific effects, with a vital role in improving glucose uptake, showing potent potential in the management of metabolic disorders including T2DM. Reference [1] GBD 2021 Diabetes Collaborators. Global, regional, and national burden of diabetes from 1990 to 2021, with projections of prevalence to 2050: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2021. Lancet. 2023;402(10397):203-234. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(23)01301-6 [2] Popescu RG, Dinischiotu A, Soare T, Vlase E, Marinescu GC. Nicotinamide Mononucleotide (NMN) Works in Type 2 Diabetes through Unexpected Effects in Adipose Tissue, Not by Mitochondrial Biogenesis. Int J Mol Sci. 2024;25(5):2594. Published 2024 Feb 23. doi:10.3390/ijms25052594 BONTAC NMN BONTAC is the pioneer of NMN industry and the first manufacturer to launch NMN mass production, with the first whole-enzyme catalysis technology around the world. At present, BONTAC has become the leading enterprise in niche areas of coenzyme products. Notably, BONTAC is the NMN raw material supplier of famous David Sinclair team at the Harvard University, who uses the raw materials of BONTAC in a paper titled “Impairment of an Endothelial NAD+-H2S Signaling Network Is a Reversible Cause of Vascular Aging”. Our services and products have been highly recognized by global partners. Furthermore, BONTAC has the first national and the only provincial independent coenzyme engineering technology research center in Guangdong, China. The coenzyme products of BOMNTAC are widely used in fields such as nutritional health, biomedicine, medical beauty, daily chemicals and green agriculture. Disclaimer This article is based on the reference in the academic journal. The relevant information is provided for sharing and learning purposes only, and does not represent any medical advice purposes. If there is any infringement, please contact the author for deletion. The views expressed in this article do not represent the position of BONTAC. Under no circumstances will BONTAC be held responsible or liable in any way for any claims, damages, losses, expenses, costs or liabilities whatsoever (including, without limitation, any direct or indirect damages for loss of profits, business interruption or loss of information) resulting or arising directly or indirectly from your reliance on the information and material on this website.

The Molecular Mechanisms Underlying the Interaction Between NAD+/NMN and DBC1

Introduction Oxidized form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) and its precursor nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) have been uncovered to restore DNA repair and prevent cancer progression via the deleted in breast cancer 1 (DBC1). This research is committed to deciphering the detailed molecular mechanisms. About DBC1 DBC1 is a nuclear protein initially cloned from a human chromosome 8p21 region, which can modulate diversified targets by protein-protein interaction, contributing to various cellular processes such as apoptosis, DNA repair, senescence, transcription, metabolism, circadian cycle, epigenetic regulation, cell proliferation, and tumorigenesis. The affinity and molecular binding mechanisms between NAD+/NMN and DBC1354–396 Under the help of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) experiments, it is verified that both NAD+ and NMN have a binding relationship with the NHD domain of DBC1. Specifically, NAD+ interacts with DBC1354-396 through hydrogen bonds, with a binding affinity (8.99 μM) nearly twice that of NMN (17.0 μM) and the key binding sites are primarily residues E363 and D372. The vital roles of E363 and D372 mutagenesis in ligand-protein interaction The N-terminal loop of DBC1354-396 encloses the small ligand within a local space, anchoring NAD+ and NMN to the protein through key amino acid residues E363 and D372 via hydrogen bonding. Conclusion Both NAD+ and its precursor NMN can bind to DBC1's NHD domain (DBC1354–396) at key sites E363 and D372, providing novel clues for the development of targeted therapies and drug research on DBC1-associated disease including tumors. Reference Ou L, Zhao X, Wu IJ, et al. Molecular mechanism of NAD+ and NMN binding to the Nudix homology domains of DBC1. Int J Biol Macromol. Published online February 12, 2024. doi:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2024.130131 BONTAC NAD BONTAC has been dedicated to the R&D, manufacture and sale of raw materials for coenzyme and natural products since 2012, with self-owned factories, over 170 global patents as well as strong R&D team consisting of Doctors and Masters. BONTAC has rich R&D experience and advanced technology in the biosynthesis of NAD and its precursors (eg. NMN), with various forms to be selected (eg. endoxin-free IVD-grade NAD, Na-free or Na-containing NAD; NR-CL or NR-Malate). High quality and stable supply of products can be better ensured here with the exclusive Bonpure seven-step purification technology and Bonzyme Whole-enzymatic method. Disclaimer This article is based on the reference in the academic journal. The relevant information is provided for sharing and learning purposes only, and does not represent any medical advice purposes. If there is any infringement, please contact the author for deletion. The views expressed in this article do not represent the position of BONTAC. Under no circumstances will BONTAC be held responsible or liable in any way for any claims, damages, losses, expenses, costs or liabilities whatsoever (including, without limitation, any direct or indirect damages for loss of profits, business interruption or loss of information) resulting or arising directly or indirectly from your reliance on the information and material on this website.

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