What is nmnh manufacturer ?

What is nmnh manufacturer ?

NMNH is "reduced Beta-nicotinamide mononucleotide", which is the reduced form of NMN with the CAS NO. of 108347-85-9 and molecular formula of C11H17N2O8P. Reduced β-NMN, NMNH (reduced nicotinamide mononucleotide) is a new and potent NAD+ precursor. It is a new form of NMN that can increase NAD levels to even higher levels. In general, there are three main manufacture methods for NMNH preparation utilized by NMNH manufacturers in the world such as chemical or enzymatic synthesis, and fermentation biosynthesis. And at present, the NMNH manufacturers are located worldwide including China, America, Japan and German.

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Advantages of NMNH

NMNH: 1. “Bonzyme” Whole-enzymatic method, environmental-friendly, no harmful solvent residues manufacturing powder. 2. Bontac is a very first manufacture in the world to produce the NMNH powder on the level of high purity, stability. 3. Exclusive “Bonpure” seven-step purification technology, high purity(up to 99%) and stability of production of NMNH powder 4. Self-owned factories and obtained a number of international certifications to ensure high quality and stable supply of products of NMNH powder 5. Provide one-stop product solution customization service

Advantages of NADH

NADH: 1. Bonzyme whole-enzymatic method, environmental-friendly, no harmful solvent residues 2. Exclusive Bonpure seven-step purification technology, purity up higher than 98 % 3. Special patented process crystal form, higher stability 4. Obtained a number of international certifications to ensure high quality 5. 8 domestic and foreign NADH patents, leading the industry 6. Provide one-stop product solution customization service

Advantages of NAD

NAD:  1. “Bonzyme” Whole-enzymatic method, environmental-friendly, no harmful solvent residues 2. Stable supplier of 1000+ enterprises around the world 3. Unique “Bonpure” seven-step purification technology, higher product content and higher conversion rate 4. Freeze drying technology to ensure stable product quality 5. Unique crystal technology, higher product solubility 6. Self-owned factories and obtained a number of international certifications to ensure high quality and stable supply of products

Advantages of MNM

NMN:  1. “Bonzyme”Whole-enzymatic method, environmental-friendly, no harmful solvent residues 2. Exclusive“Bonpure”seven-step purification technology, high purity(up to 99.9%) and stability 3. Industrial leading technology: 15 domestic and international NMN patents 4. Self-owned factories and obtained a number of international certifications to ensure high quality and stable supply of products 5. Multiple in vivo studies show that Bontac NMN is safe and effective 6. Provide one-stop product solution customization service 7. NMN raw material supplier of famous David Sinclair team of Harvard University

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Bontac Bio-Engineering (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd. (hereafter referred to as BONTAC) is a high-tech enterprise established in July 2012. BONTAC integrates R&D, production and sales, with enzyme catalysis technology as the core and coenzyme and natural products as main products. There are six major series of products in BONTAC, involving coenzymes, natural products, sugar substitutes, cosmetics, dietary supplements and medical intermediates.

As the leader of the global NMN industry, BONTAC has the first whole-enzyme catalysis technology in China. Our coenzyme products are widely used in health industry, medical & beauty, green agriculture, biomedicine and other fields. BONTAC adheres to independent innovation, with more than 170 invention patents. Different from the traditional chemical synthesis and fermentation industry, BONTAC has advantages of green low-carbon and high-value-added biosynthesis technology. What’s more, BONTAC has established the first coenzyme engineering technology research center at the provincial level in China which also is the sole in Guangdong Province.

In the future, BONTAC will focus on its advantages of green, low-carbon and high-value-added biosynthesis technology, and build ecological relationship with academia as well as upstream/downstream partners, continuously leading the synthetic biological industry and creating a better life for human beings.

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The Chinese name of NMNH is "reduced nicotinamide mononucleotide". NMNH is an amorphous yellow powder. NMNH increases NAD+ levels faster and at a higher concentration, on average 5 times that of NMN. NMNH has been industrialized and has a purity of ≥99%. It is available in two forms: free acid and sodium salt.

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BONTAC is a reliable partner that we have been working with for many years. The purity of their coenzyme is very high. Their COA can achieve relatively high test results.

Front

I discovered BONTAC in 2014 because David's article in cell about NAD and NMN related showed that he used BONTAC's NMN for his experimental material. Then we found them in China. After so many years of cooperation, I think it is a very good company.

Hanks

I think green, healthy and high purity are the advantages of BONTAC's products compared with others. I still work with them to this day.

Phillip

In 2017, we chose BONTAC's coenzyme, during which our team encountered many technical problems and consulted their technical team, which were able to give us good solutions. Their products are shipped very fast and they work more efficiently.

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NMNH also proved more effective than NMN in raising NAD+ levels in a variety of tissues when administered at the same concentration, confirming the results observed in cell lines. The data presented in this study also corroborate the evidence that NAD+ boosters protect against different models of acute kidney injury, and place NMNH as a great alternative intervention to other NAD+ precursors to reduce tubular damage and accelerate recovery.

To overcome the limitations of the current repertoire of NAD+ enhancers, other molecules with a more pronounced effect on the NAD+ intracellular pool are desired. This has stimulated us to investigate the use of the reduced form of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMNH) as an NAD+ enhancer. There is very scarce information about the role of this molecule in cells. In fact, only one enzymatic activity has been described to produce NMNH. This is the NADH diphosphatase activity of the human peroxisomal Nudix hydrolase hNUDT1232 and the murine mitochondrial Nudt13.33 It has been postulated that, in cells, NMNH would be converted to NADH via nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyl transferases (NMNATs).34 However, both NMNH production by Nudix diphosphatases and its use by NMNATs for NADH synthesis have only been described in vitro using isolated proteins, and how NMNH participates in cellular NAD+ metabolism remains unknown.

First, inspect the factory. After some screening, NMNH companies that directly face consumers pay more attention to brand building. Therefore, for a good brand, quality is the most important thing, and the first thing to control the quality of raw materials is to inspect the factory. Bontac company actually manufacturing NMNH powder of high quality with the caterias of SGS. Secondly, the purity is tested. Purity is one of the most important parameters of NMN powder. If high purity NMNH cannot be guaranteed, the remaining substances are likely to exceed the relevant standards. As the attached certificates demonstrates that the NMNH powder produced by Bontac reach the purity of 99%. Finally, a professional test spectrum is needed to prove it. Common methods for determining the structure of an organic compound include Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (NMR) and high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS). Usually through the analysis of these two spectra, the structure of the compound can be preliminarily determined.

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Application Value of Ginsenoside Rg3 in Targeting BCSCs to Treat Breast Cancer

Introduction Ginsenoside Rg3 is Panaxanediol type tetracyclic triterpenoid saponin monomer extracted from the root of Panax ginseng, which has a wide range of pharmacological effects including anti-tumor, neuroprotection, cardiovascular protection, anti-fatigue, anti-oxidation, hypoglycemia, and enhancement of immune function. This research unveils the potential value of ginsenoside Rg3 in targeting breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs) to treat breast cancer, one of the most common tumor worldwide with significant morbidity and mortality. Ginsenoside Rg3 as anticancer adjuvant Ginsenoside Rg3 can promote the apoptosis of tumor cells, and inhibit tumor growth, infiltration, invasion, metastasis and neovascularization. At the same time, it has the effect of reducing toxicity, increasing efficacy in the joint application with chemotherapeutic drugs, improving immunity of the organism, and reversing multi-drug resistance of tumor cells. Shenyi capsule, a new anticancer drug with ginsenoside Rg3 monomer as the main component, was approved by China FDA and marketed in 2003, which is mainly used in the adjuvant treatment of various tumors. About BCSCs Breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs) are a group of undifferentiated cells with strong ability of self-renewal and differentiation, which is the main reason for poor clinical outcomes and poor efficacy. BCSCs can clonally proliferate under serum-free three-dimensional culture conditions and form mammospheres. BCSCs have specific surface markers (CD44, CD24, CD133, OCT4 and SOX2) or enzymes (ALDH1). BCSCs function as potential drivers of breast cancer, which are resistant to conventional breast cancer clinical treatments such as radiotherapy, leading to breast cancer recurrence and metastasis. The suppressive effect of ginsenoside Rg3 in the progression of breast cancer Ginsenoside Rg3 exerts inhibitory effects on the viability and clonogenicity of breast cancer cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. In addition, it suppresses mammosphere formation, as evidenced by the spheroid number and diameter. Furthermore, ginsenoside Rg3 reduces the expression of stem cell-related factors (c-Myc, Oct4, Sox2, and Lin28), and decreases the ALDH (+) subpopulation breast cancer cells. Ginsenoside Rg3 as an accelerator of MYC mRNA degradation Ginsenoside Rg3 depresses BCSCs mainly through downregulating the expression of MYC, one of the main cancer stem cell reprogramming factors with a pivotal role in tumor initiation. Its regulatory effect on MYC mRNA stability is chiefly achieved by promoting the microRNA let-7 cluster. Under normal conditions, the let7 family is expressed at low levels in cancer cells, resulting in stable MYC mRNA expression and high c-Myc expression. However, Rg3 treatment leads to the upregulation of let-7 cluster, impairment of MYC mRNA stability, downregulation of c-Myc expression and inhibition of breast cancer stem-like properties. Conclusion The traditional Chinese herbal monomer ginsenoside Rg3 has the potential to suppress breast cancer stem-like properties by destabilizing MYC mRNA at the post-transcriptional level, showing great promise as adjuvant for the treatment of breast cancer. Reference Ning JY, Zhang ZH, Zhang J, Liu YM, Li GC, Wang AM, Li Y, Shan X, Wang JH, Zhang X, Zhao Y. Ginsenoside Rg3 decreases breast cancer stem-like phenotypes through impairing MYC mRNA stability. Am J Cancer Res. 2024 Feb 15;14(2):601-615. PMID: 38455405; PMCID: PMC10915333. BONTAC Ginsenosides BONTAC has been dedicated to the R&D, manufacture and sale of raw materials for coenzyme and natural products since 2012, with self-owned factories, over 170 global patents as well as strong R&D team. BONTAC has rich R&D experience and advanced technology in the biosynthesis of rare ginsenosides Rh2/Rg3, with pure raw materials, higher conversion rate and higher content (up to 99%). One-stop service for customized product solution is available in BONTAC. With unique Bonzyme enzymatic synthesis technology, both S-type and R-type isomers can be accurately synthesized here, with stronger activity and precise targeting action. Our products are subjected to strict third-party self-inspection, which are worth of trustworthy. Disclaimer This article is based on the reference in the academic journal. The relevant information is provided for sharing and learning purposes only, and does not represent any medical advice purposes. If there is any infringement, please contact the author for deletion. The views expressed in this article do not represent the position of BONTAC. Under no circumstances will BONTAC be held responsible  for any claims, damages, losses, expenses, or costs whatsoever resulting or arising directly or indirectly from your reliance on the information and material on this website.

The Importance of NAD Metabolism in White Adipose Tissue

1. Introduction Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) compartmentalized in adipocytes can modulate adipocyte differentiation and gene expression, in addition to controlling glucose metabolism. White adipose tissue (WAT), one major adipose tissue, may be one of the direct target for NAD supplementation. 2. About WAT In contrast to brown adipose tissue (BAT), WAT contains a single lipid droplet and few mitochondria. WAT, once thought to be morphologically and functionally unremarkable, is in fact highly dynamic, with plasticity and heterogeneity, which is widely distributed in the subcutaneous tissues and around the internal organs. WAT plays a key role in a range of biological processes, such as maintenance of energetic homeostasis, processing and handling of glycans and lipids, blood pressure control, and host defence, with tight relationship with metabolic disorders such as diabetes. 3. The tissue-specific roles of NAD NMN is synthesized from NAM and NR by NAMPT and NRK, respectively. The synthesized NAD+ from NMN is used as a SIRT1 substrate, which leads to the recycling of NAD+ via the salvage pathway. In this process, NAD+ can exert different effects depending on the tissue. Remarkably, NAD precursors can control metabolic stress particularly via focusing on adipose tissue. 4. The effects of boosting NAD+ on WAT Supplementation of NMN and NR has been shown to reduce body weight and enhance insulin sensitivity in regular chow-fed aged wild-type mice and diet-induced obese mice, respectively. NAM supplementation diminishes fat accumulation in diet-induced obese mice. Additionally, both NMN and NR supplementation prevent inflammation even with different treatment duration. NAM administration boosts mitochondrial biogenesis and glutathione synthesis in WAT. Similarly, it is evidenced that NMN treatment in high fat diet-induced type 2 diabetes mouse model facilitates the recovery of Glutathione S-transferase Alpha 2 (Gsta2) gene expression in the liver. 5. The adipose-specific effects of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) NAMPT, one NAD regulator in WAT, is a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of metabolic disorders. NAMPT plays a potential role in maintaining adipose tissue homoeostasis, as evidenced by the explicitly blocked adipocyte differentiation and lipid synthesis in vitro post treatment of NAMPT inhibitor FK866. For some reasons such as differences in sex, age, and/or basal levels of cellular NAD+ availability, there are various inconclusive results regarding the impacts of NAD+ metabolism on adipocytes in the adipocyte-specific NAMPT-deficient mouse model or in vitro cell models. Further investigation on the effects of NAD+ supplementation and the distinct functions of NAMPT in adipocytes is still needed. 6. Conclusion The importance of NAD metabolism in WAT has been highlighted. NAD has tissue-specific roles. Specifically, WAT may be one of the direct target for NAD supplementation. Supplementation with NAD+ precursors can reduce fat accumulation and inflammation in adipose tissue.  Reference Kwon SY, Park YJ. Function of NAD metabolism in white adipose tissue: lessons from mouse models. Adipocyte. 2024;13(1):2313297. doi:10.1080/21623945.2024.2313297 About BONTAC BONTAC has been dedicated to the R&D, manufacture and sale of raw materials for coenzyme and natural products since 2012, with self-owned factories, over 170 global patents as well as strong R&D team consisting of Doctors and Masters. BONTAC has rich R&D experience and advanced technology in the biosynthesis of NAD and its precursors (eg. NMN and NR), with various forms to be selected (eg. endoxin-free IVD-grade NAD, Na-free or Na-containing NAD; NR-CL or NR-Malate). High quality and stable supply of products can be better ensured here with the exclusive Bonpure seven-step purification technology and Bonzyme Whole-enzymatic method. Disclaimer This article is based on the reference in the academic journal. The relevant information is provide for sharing and learning purposes only, and does not represent any medical advice purposes. If there is any infringement, please contact the author for deletion. The views expressed in this article do not represent the position of BONTAC. Under no circumstances will BONTAC be held responsible or liable in any way for any claims, damages, losses, expenses, costs or liabilities whatsoever (including, without limitation, any direct or indirect damages for loss of profits, business interruption or loss of information) resulting or arising directly or indirectly from your reliance on the information and material on this website.

Health Upgrade: Focus on the Therapeutic Effect of Ginsenoside Rh2

1. Introduction Ginseng has always been highly perceived as a valuable traditional Chinese medicine in China. Currently, much attention also has been paid to ginsenosides, the main active ingredients extracted from ginseng. Strikingly, ginsenoside Rh2, one of the most representative bioactive ginsenosides in Panax ginseng, has immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, and anti-tumor activities, showing a therapeutic role in numerous diseases. 2. The therapeutic effect of ginsenoside Rh2 * Enhance the immune function of the human body Ginsenoside Rh2 has the effect of enhancing the immune function of the patient's body. Notewothily, it can effectively reduce the toxicity left by chemotherapy in the human body by improving immunity. *Ameliorate neuropathic pain Intrathecal administration of ginsenoside Rh2 significantly attenuates SNI-induced mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia. The antinociceptive effect of Rh2 continued until 10 days after SNI surgeryn, showing a potential application value in pain therapy. Figure 1 Intrathecal injection of Rh2 inhibits neuropathic pain in mice * Suppress the inflammation Previous studies have revealed that ginsenoside Rh2 can inhibit spared nerve injury (SNI)-induced increase of proinflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1 and interleukin-6), and significantly inhibit lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced activation of BV2 cells. Figure 2 Intrathecal injection of Rh2 reduced expression of proinflammatory cytokines IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α in SNI mice * Promote the synthesis of albumin Ginsenoside Rh2 acts as an immune regulator to promote the synthesis of albumin, which can provide heat for the human body, protect and stabilize the immunoglobulin in the blood. * Inhibit the growth of tumor cells Ginsenoside Rh2 exhibits a chemical structure similar to that of dexamethasone. In in vitro studies, it can suppress the growth and viability of various cancer cells, induce tumor cell cycle arrest and cellular apoptosis, trigger necrosis and autophagy in cancer cells, inhibit metastasis, and suppress angiogenesis. * Reversal of abnormal tumor differentiation Ginsenoside Rh2 has a differentiation-inducing effect on tumor cancer cells, and can effectively enhance the melanin production ability in cancer cells, thereby causing cancer cells to transform into normal cells in morphology. Table 1 Anticancer effects and mechanisms of ginsenoside‑Rh2 in in vivo studies      3. The difference between ginsenoside Rg3 and ginsenoside Rh2     Figure 3 Molecular struction of ginsenoside Rg3 and ginsenoside Rh2   Both ginsenoside Rg3 and ginsenoside Rh2 have been attested to achieve antitumor effects by strengthening the immune function of the body. Despite their similar mechanisms of action,  differences still exist between ginsenoside Rg3 and ginsenoside Rh2. In terms of the molecular structure, ginsenoside Rh2 has only one glycosyl group, whereas ginsenoside Rg3 has two. In addition, ginsenoside Rh2 has a higher bioavailability than ginsenoside Rg3. Ginsenoside Rg3 is easy to be excreted from the body after being taken, and won't make much difference to the body. With regard to the intestinal absorption, ginsenotone Rh2 is about 5 times of ginsenotone Rg3. 4. Conclusion The monosaccharide ginsenoside Rh2 can effectively improve human immunity, enhance disease resistance, and reduce the risk of cancer. Relative to ginsenoside Rg3, ginsenoside Rh2 shows higher cost-efficiency in the intestinal absorption, application scope and efficacy, providing an upgraded health support. Product Features and advantages of BONTAC Ginsenoside Rh2  One-stop product solution customization service Multiple patents and strict third-party self-inspection The first national mass production of ginsenosides by enzymatic synthesis Unique Bonzyme enzymatic synthesis technology Reference [1] Fu, Yuan-Yuan et al. Ginsenoside Rh2 Ameliorates Neuropathic Pain by inhibition of the miRNA21-TLR8-mitogen-activated protein kinase axis. Molecular pain. 2022;18:17448069221126078. doi:10.1177/17448069221126078 [2] He XL, Xu XH, Shi JJ, et al. Anticancer Effects of Ginsenoside Rh2: A Systematic Review. Curr Mol Pharmacol. 2022;15(1):179-189. doi:10.2174/1874467214666210309115105 Disclaimer BONTAC shall hold no responsibility for any claims arising directly or indirectly from your reliance on the information and material on this website.

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